Rice blast: A fungal disease that causes diamond-shaped lesions on the leaves, stems, and grains of rice plants, resulting in significant yield losses.
Brown spot: A fungal disease that causes brown lesions on rice leaves, leading to decreased photosynthesis and yield.
Sheath blight: A fungal disease that infects the rice plant's sheath tissue, causing lesions and leading to yield losses.
Bacterial leaf blight: A bacterial disease that causes yellow and brown spots on rice leaves, leading to decreased yield and quality.
Tungro: A viral disease that stunts rice plant growth and reduces yield, transmitted by green leafhoppers.
Rice tungro bacilliform virus: A viral disease that causes yellowing and stunting of rice plants, transmitted by the rice black bug.
False smut: A fungal disease that forms large, greenish balls on rice grains, leading to yield and quality losses.
Narrow brown leaf spot: A fungal disease that causes small, brown lesions on rice leaves, eventually leading to leaf death and decreased yield.